Why China is going all out to celebrate the birthday of the man who opened up its economy

August 22, 2014
August 22, 2014

China pulled out all the stops for the birthday of the late Deng Xiaoping, the leader credited with opening and transforming the Chinese economy.

Today, on the 110th anniversary of his birth, Chinese media published photos and glowing tributes, as well an “exclusive interview” (video in Chinese) with one of his former chefs. (Deng liked braised pork and preferred his food on the spicy side.) An official biography has been published, to be followed by a 48-part television drama, as well as another 20-part documentary. Seminars on Deng have been held in Beijing and Guangzhou. Two granddaughters of Deng brought his wheelchair to a commemoration in Hong Kong, whose return to China from British control in the 1990s was negotiated by Deng.

There’s a likely reason for all the pomp and circumstance for Deng: to draw parallels between the iconic late reformist and Chinas’ current leader, Xi Jinping, who has pledged to open an equally transformative chapter in China’s history. State media, as well as former US ambassador to China Jon Huntsman, have compared the two. Xi himself stresses his respect for Deng’s example.

Still, there are important differences between Xi and Deng. Xi is governing China after decades of what political analysts describe as “consensus-driven” leadership, unlike the rule under Deng or Mao Zedong, whose status and role in the communist revolution established their almost absolute authority over the party. “Xi’s power base is much weaker than Deng’s, so he has been using ideological campaigns and new media to increase his personal authority,” Wu Qiang, a politics professor at Tsinghua University, told the Financial Times.

Xi’s wide-reaching corruption campaign threatens to erode support within his party and others point out that so far, there’s little he has done that can be compared to the reform and opening up of the Chinese economy in the 1980s. “Does Xi really have any concrete reforms to his credit?” Zhao Chu, a political analyst, asked in the FT. “Deng spread real power to lower levels, but all we have seen in Xi’s tenure is the recentralisation of power and the beginnings of his own personality cult.”

Here’s what the tributes to Deng on and ahead of his birthday looked like:

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Men walk past a billboard featuring the late Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping, also known as the father of modern China, Thursday, Oct. 21, 2010 in Shanghai, China. China's rapid growth slowed in the latest quarter as Beijing steered its expansion to a more sustainable level, possibly cutting its contribution to a global recovery. (AP Photo/Eugene Hoshiko)
Men walk past a billboard featuring the late Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping in Shanghai in 2010.(AP Photo/Eugene Hoshiko)

 

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Visitors pose in front of a statue of the late Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping in Shenzhen, in southern China's Guangdong province, August 19, 2014.
Visitors pose in front of a statue of the late Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping in Shenzhen, in southern China’s Guangdong province.(Reuters/Tyrone Siu)
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(Reuters/Stringer)
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The wax statues setting featuring former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher talking with former Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping in the Beijing's Great Hall of the People are on display in an exhibition center in Shenzhen, China Tuesday, April 9, 2013.
The wax statues setting featuring former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher talking with former Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping in the Beijing’s Great Hall of the People are on display in an exhibition center in Shenzhen, China Tuesday, April 9, 2013.(AP Photo/Kin Cheung)
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Friday marks the 110th anniversary of the birth of former leader Deng, who led reforms that turned China into a market economy and implemented a "One Country Two Systems" policy for post-colonial Hong Kong and Macau
Friday marks the 110th anniversary of the birth of former leader Deng, who led reforms that turned China into a market economy and implemented a “One Country Two Systems” policy for post-colonial Hong Kong and Macau(Reuters/Tyrone Siu)
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A portrait by cartoonist Zhu Zizun of China's late leader Deng Xiaoping
Deng famously justified China’s capitalist-tinged path to socialism with the saying, “It doesn’t matter whether a cat is white or black, as long as it catches mice.”(Reuters/Stringer)

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