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Quartz Daily Brief—India’s gang-rape trial, unemployment data, global cliff rally, Louis XVI’s DNA

What to watch for today

Formal charges brought in the India gang-rape and murder case. Police are expected to present a charge sheet accusing five men of gang rape, murder, kidnapping, criminal assault and robbery in the case of a 23-year-old girl who was attacked by a group of men on a bus in New Delhi and died days later of her injuries. A sixth defendant will be tried in juvenile court. The prosecution is seeking the death penalty in a case that has cast an ugly light on the state of sexual harassment and the feebleness of the justice system in India, and provoked violent protests.

New unemployment data from Spain and Germany. While both countries appear to be feeling the effects of the euro crisis, jobless data will likely demonstrate the contrast between core and periphery. Germany is expected to report an unemployment rate of 6.9% (the same as in November with a small number of jobs being lost). Spain is expected to lose another 50,000 jobs in December; about one in four Spaniards were unemployed at the end of the third quarter.

US gets a new Congress. The 113th Congress will convene today after November’s election, in which the whole of the House of Representatives and one-third of the Senate were up for grabs as well as the presidency. While fresh faces might help shake up a deadlocked legislative branch, the ranks have changed little. The Democrat-controlled Senate gains a total of two Democrats (Republicans lost a net two seats). The Republican-controlled House will see a thinner majority after losing 6 seats (Dems won a total of 12).

More on US jobs and the Federal Reserve. ADP non-farm payroll data and initial jobless claims (a precursor to official unemployment figures) come out today, and could hint at whether the impending fiscal cliff deterred companies from hiring last month. We’ll also hear from the Federal Reserve, which continues to ease monetary policy in an attempt to boost employment.

While you were sleeping

Euro-zone manufacturing looks worse than expected. The release of purchasing managers’ indices (PMI) for European countries indicated that euro-zone manufacturers are doing worse than expected, while UK PMI data were at their most optimistic in 15 months.

Zipcar agrees to sell to Avis for $491 million. Traditional rental car heavyweight Avis Budget will pay $12.25 per share for Zipcar, which rents out vehicles by the hour. The companies hope that their distinct customer bases will complement each other. For example, Avis has plenty of unrented cars on its lots on Saturday and Sunday, while Zipcar is often sold out only on the weekends.

Markets across the world rallied to start the new year. Much of that optimism can be attributed to the fiscal cliff deal in the US. Politicians successfully averted the most pressing spending cuts and tax increases that could have shorn up to 5% off US GDP growth in 2013. However, as Quartz writers observe, the temporary solution is nothing much to celebrate, leaves various questions unresolved, and isn’t a good sign for lawmakers’ new year resolutions.

Quartz obsession interlude

Steve LeVine on why Mother Nature is hounding oil companies in the Arctic: “Strong winds and sometimes 50-foot waves are preventing emergency workers from boarding a grounded oil drilling vessel off the Alaskan coast, according to the US Coast Guard. The accident appears unlikely to cause major environmental damage, but further complicates an already grueling experience by Shell getting drilling going in the Arctic. As a whole, the Arctic is estimated to hold 25% of the world’s remaining oil and natural gas, and is becoming more accessible to oil exploration because of global warming. Yet even as the ice melts, the seas have not calmed, and are not forecast to.” Read more here.

Matters of debate

Canada won’t discuss its curious case of melting money. The Bank of Canada released 134 mostly blacked-out pages from an investigation into allegations that $100 dollar banknotes melt in high heat. The bank maintains that the bills have been adequately tested and are sufficiently weather-resistant, but won’t release more details for fear they’ll endanger Canadian national security.

The fiscal cliff deal doesn’t help the economy. PIMCO’s Mohamed El-Erian explains why the latest US budget deal underwhelms.

“National narrow-mindedness is experiencing a revival in the EU.” Is the appetite for change drying up in the European Union?

Surprising discoveries

China’s pirate search engine shuts down. Gougou.com, which was recently accused by the US of hosting illegal content and permitting illegal content-sharing of copyrighted material, has now shut down.

What might Google want in North Korea? Its executive chairman, Eric Schmidt, is planning to go there with Bill Richardson, governor of New Mexico, who is on a “humanitarian mission”.

Yes, that’s Louis XVI’s blood. Scientists concluded with 95% certainty that a now-decomposed garment that was evidently dipped in the French king’s blood after his beheading by guillotine in 1793 held DNA similar to that found in the mummified head of his predecessor, King Henri IV.

Pakistan’s religious Facebook is apparently in dire straits. MillatFacebook, a “religio-nationalistic” take on its secular namesake, sent a poorly worded email to followers begging for money to help pay for its US-based servers.

And finally: Quartz is hiring. As we expand in 2013, we’re looking for a new corporate reporter and science/technology writer. Tell your journalist friends.

Our best wishes for a productive day. Please send any news, comments, suggestions and favorite currency designs to hi@qz.com. You can follow us on Twitter here for updates during the day.

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