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When 52% of Brits voted for the UK to leave the EU in 2016, one of the messages it sent was that Europeans were not nearly as welcome as before. Indeed, two years on, the net migration 1 of EU nationals to the UK has fallen to its lowest levels since the 2008 global financial crisis, according to data from the Office for National Statistics.

Net migration is the difference between the number of people arriving in the country and those leaving. A positive number means more people arrived than left.

Membership in the EU allows citizens to live and work anywhere within the bloc. The pro-Brexit campaign slogan of “Take Back Control” emphasized ending this practice, playing on the unease that many felt when immigration to the UK boomed after the EU expanded in 2004.

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