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The countries where you can get fined for breaking quarantine

Alexandra Ossola
By Alexandra Ossola

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Officials in Australia have recently encountered an interesting challenge to their well-laid plans to combat the spread of Covid-19: quarantine escapes.

When Australians return to Sydney from trips abroad, the government requires them to stay in a hotel for two weeks. But recently, there have been several reports of citizens attempting to break out of their quarantine at a number of Sydney hotels. One woman, an influencer who had recently returned from Paris, was fined AU$1,000 (US$694) for busting out via the hotel’s fire escape just a few days in; she might also face legal action for tampering with the sprinklers in the hotel room in which she was confined.

Australia’s quarantine system may be among the most draconian, but it’s far from the only country to penalize its people for breaking quarantine. Many threaten fines, but some use jail time (or a combination of the two). Here’s a sampling of some countries’ rules, as of the time of publication.

CountryPenalties
New ZealandPeople who refuse to take a Covid-19 test at the border can be fined NZ$4,000 (US$2,600) and held for 28 days.
United Kingdom£1,000 (US$1,260) or prosecution for travelers arriving in the UK who break two-week quarantine.
Saudi ArabiaBreak quarantine here and you could be fined 200,000 riyals (US$53,300) or imprisoned for two years.
South KoreaAs of April, lying to contact tracers could result in fines up to 10 million won (US$8,000) and up to a year in jail. Violating quarantine could have “similar” consequences, according to public health officials.
SpainTravelers who don’t wear masks can be fined €100 (US$110) on the spot.
TaiwanIn mid-March, the Taiwanese government started using cell phone data to track travelers’ locations. At least one person who violated quarantine rules was fined NT$1 million (US$33,000).

As countries open up and infection hotspots shift, many lawmakers are changing these rules frequently. And of course, having these rules isn’t the same as enforcing them. In the UK, for example, no one had been fined for breaking quarantine as of early July.

Just keeping track of recent arrivals presents a big challenge; while a few countries solve it the way Australia has, by keeping people all in one place, their ability to enforce depends on whether they embrace technology —and if their people are OK with being tracked. Enforcement also requires a country to dedicate resources and officials to the task.

In the United States, regulations vary by state. A few examples:

StatePenalties
FloridaAnyone who violates a 14-day quarantine can be fined $500 or imprisoned for up to 60 days.
HawaiiThose who don’t self quarantine for 14 days may be fined $5,000 or be imprisoned for up to one year.
IllinoisIf you’re coming to Chicago from certain states and don’t self-quarantine for 14 days, you could pay $500 per day, up to $7,000
New YorkAnyone who violates the 14-day quarantine requirement could be fined up to $10,000.

In the US, it’s mostly up to individuals to stick to the rules. But even if they aren’t enforced, rules like these can discourage people from breaking quarantine, ultimately slowing the virus’ spread.

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