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HOME DISADVANTAGE

For a host nation, Brazil isn’t doing too well in winning medals. (But at least it’s no Canada)

Aamna Mohdin
By Aamna Mohdin

Reporter

This so-called “home advantage” has been well documented at the Olympic Games.

An analysis by FiveThirtyEight showed that host nations of the Summer Olympics increased their overall medal count by 20.1 medals and their gold-medal count by 10.9 from the previous Olympics. Home advantage is mostly down to the supportive crowd and the fact that qualification standards are lower for athletes from the host nation.

But not poor Brazil, which hasn’t been having the best of Games. Before the Games began, Brazil was confident it would enter the top 10 of the medal rankings. By comparison, Britain (population: 64 million) finished third in the London 2012 Games, while China (population: 1.4 billion) ranked first at its Beijing 2008 Games.

Brazil (population: 200 million) is ranked 15th at the moment— and with just a few days left of the games, some are wondering whether Brazil’s lackluster performance is the worst by a home nation (paywall). Not quite.

Host CityGoldSilverBronzeTotalOverall rank for host nation (golds)
Los Angeles 19848361301741st
Moscow 19808069461951st
Beijing 20085121281001st
Atlanta 19964432251011st
London 2012291719653rd
Rome 1960131013363rd
Sydney 2000162517584th
Tokyo 19641658294th
Munich 1972131116404th
Barcelona 19921372226th
Seoul 1988121011336th
Rio 20165551515th*
Athens 20046641615th
Mexico City 1968333915th
Montreal 1976561127th
*Still in progress

While Brazil has yet to enter the top 10, the host nation has at least won some gold medals, unlike Canada, which became the first host nation to fail to win a gold medal on home soil during the disastrous 1976 Montreal Games. Mexico City’s 1968 Games and Athens in 2004 round off the bottom three of worst performing host cities, both winning just 1.7% of the medals awarded (paywall). Greece only won six golds 12 years ago.

And though Brazil’s performance has yet to meet expectations, the results of the 2016 Summer Games have been the best so far for the soccer-loving nation. Brazil’s current overall rank is its highest in Olympic history and with the sports in which Brazilians are favorites for the podium yet to reach the finals, Brazil is set to beat its Olympics record of total medals (currently 17 from the 2012 Games).

So it’s not all doom and gloom.

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