YOUTH BULGE

The 10 worst countries in the world to be a young person are all in sub-Saharan Africa

Quartz africa
Quartz africa

Sub-Saharan Africa is home to one of the largest, fastest growing youth populations in the world. But this “youth bulge” could hurt African countries more than it helps them if job opportunities aren’t increased or health and education services aren’t improved, according to an index (pdf) released by the Commonwealth Secretariat today (Oct 21). Ten of the worst countries in the world for young people, those between the ages of 15 and 29, are in sub-Saharan Africa, according to the index.

The organization, which promotes human rights and development in the 52 commonwealth countries that were mostly territories of the former British Empire, ranked 183 countries based on 18 factors like employment, health, education, and political and civic participation. Each country was given a youth development index, or YDI, score.

10 lowest ranked countries for youth development Score (0-1)
Central African Republic 0.308
Chad 0.312
Cote d’Ivoire 0.357
Niger 0.378
Equatorial Guinea 0.384
Guinea-Bissau 0.389
Mozambique 0.392
Zambia 0.406
Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.408
Mali 0.421

Some of the rankings are not surprising. Central African Republic, the worst performing, has been mired in civil and inter-religious conflict since 2013. But Cote d’Ivoire, the third worst, has been one of the most promising and best-performing economies in West Africa. Its rank was pulled down by low scores on education, health and well-being, and civic participation, according to the full report (pdf) accompanying the index.

European countries ranked the highest, while the United States ranked 23rd.

10 highest ranked countries for youth development Score (0-1)
Germany 0.894
Denmark 0.865
Australia 0.838
Switzerland 0.837
United Kingdom 0.837
Netherlands 0.836
Austria 0.826
Luxembourg 0.825
Portugal 0.816
Japan 0.815

Despite their low scores, African countries showed the most improvement of any region between 2010 and 2015, according to the Commonwealth Secretariat. Of African countries, the best-ranked were Mauritius, Ghana, Liberia, Seychelles, and Kenya. Kenya showed the most improvement in its YDI score of any country in the world with an increase of 22%, the result of growing civic participation, and improved well being and health services.

African countries outperformed their global peers in one area: political participation. Sub-Saharan Africa scored slightly above North America, Russia and Eurasia, and the Asia Pacific.

“While increases in civic and political participation—through voting or protests for example—in the region are encouraging, they will only get young people so far without corresponding improvements in access to health and education,” said Abhik Sen, one of the report’s authors, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.

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