Skip to navigationSkip to content

Fidel Castro’s book of condolences is a who’s who of the world’s authoritarian regimes

A photograph of Cuba's late President Fidel Castro stands in tribute to him inside the Jose Marti Memorial in Revolution Square in Havana
Reuters/Edgard Garrido
Homage to a dictator.
  • Ana Campoy
By Ana Campoy

Deputy editor, global finance and economics

Published Last updated This article is more than 2 years old.

“Tell me with whom you associate, and I will tell you who you are,” goes a Spanish proverb.

The answer for Fidel Castro, who died on Nov. 25 at 90 years old, is pretty clear based on the procession of international leaders who have so far stopped to pay their respect to the former president in Havana. With the exception of Bolivia’s Evo Morales, all are representative of authoritarian regimes.

The comandante’s formal memorial was set to be held the evening of Nov. 29 in Havana’s Revolution Square. But hours before the major event, some stopped at a tribute set for Fidel at the towering José Martí monument to bid a more personal and private goodbye.

Venezuela’s troubled president Nicolás Maduro, who has used an array of undemocratic tactics to avoid recall, bowed his head before a picture of Fidel in his fatigues. He and Morales, a fellow, but much less controversial, leftist, signed Castro’s book of condolences.

Reuters/Carlos Garcia Rawlins
Venezuela’s Maduro, right, and Bolivia’s Morales, left.

Russia’s Vladimir Putin wasn’t able to make it, but sent the speaker of the country’s parliament, Vyacheslav Volodin, in his place. A powerful Kremlin supporter, Volodin has helped squash anti-Putin protests and cement Putin’s power.  On Tuesday, he laid a wreath of flowers for Russia’s long-time ally in Havana.

Reuters/Carlos Garcia Rawlins
Speaker of Russia’s Parliament Vyacheslav Volodin, second from the left, walks through the Martí memorial.

Also among the mourners was Equatorial Guinea’s president Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, holder of one of Africa’s worst human right records. He’s been power since 1979, making him the continent’s longest serving dictator. His son, Teodorin Obiang Nguema, whom he appointed vice president, is under investigation for alleged money laundering by Swiss authorities. They recently seized 11 of the world’s rarest and most expensive cars from him.

Reuters/Carlos Garcia Rawlins
Equatorial Guinea’s Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (wearing blue tie.)

China’s vice president Li Yuanchao also paid a visit to the Martí memorial and signed Fidel’s book, reported Cuba’s Radio Rebelde (Spanish).

A more politically-diverse cast of guests was slated to go to the memorial itself, including Mexico’s and Colombia’s presidents Enrique Peña Nieto and Juan Manuel Santos. King Juan Carlos was going to represent Spain. More questionable attendees included Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe and a delegation from North Korea.

In the end, the absences were more notable than the confirmations. The heads of state of the world’s most powerful democracies, including the US, France, and the UK, said they were sending lower-ranking envoys.

📬 A periodic dispatch from the annual session of the United Nations General Assembly in NYC.

By providing your email, you agree to the Quartz Privacy Policy.