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War zone.

Here’s what you need to know

The US is breaking records—both good and bad. According to the US Elections Project more than 80 million Americans have already voted in this year’s presidential election, either in person or by mail. Meanwhile, the US broke its single-day record for new Covid-19 cases yesterday, with one new case per second. Some of the hardest-hit areas are in key swing states, where Donald Trump and Joe Biden will spend Halloween weekend campaigning.

Google gets its day in court. The first hearing in the US Department of Justice’s antitrust case against Google is scheduled for today. In France, Apple is facing a challenge from advertising companies who say privacy-enhancing features coming to the iPhone are anti-competitive.

US stocks have had a horrid week. Shares in tech giants like Amazon fell in extended trading yesterday despite posting record earnings, and the S&P 500 Index of large US companies is heading for its worst week since June. The Dow is set for its worst week since March 20.

Walmart is temporarily pulling guns and ammunition from shelves. Citing rising tensions after police fatally shot a Black man in Philadelphia on Monday, the retailer will require customers to specifically request the items for purchase. Approximately half of Walmart’s 4,700 US stores sell firearms.

📬 Kick off each morning with coffee and the Daily Brief (BYO coffee).

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Markets haiku: Fresh pots

India-coffee
Image copyright: REUTERS/Kim Kyung-Hoon
The original.

China’s order is:
“Any coffee not homemade.”
Starbucks gladly pours.

Sales in China and the US were better than expected, as Starbucks is practically frothing to get customers away from their home machines and back into the store.

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India’s clash of the retail titans

Two of the world’s wealthiest men are vying for a larger share of India’s retail market, and things are heating up. The contest pits Jeff Bezos’s Amazon against Mukesh Ambani’s Reliance Retail Ventures, with India’s Future Group as the prize.

This is how we got here:

August 2019: Amazon indirectly buys a 3.6% stake in Future Retail by acquiring a 49% stake in its subsidiary, Future Coupons. The deal provides Amazon with the opportunity to purchase a stake in Future Retail should the Future Group decide to sell.

March 2020: Future Group CEO Kishore Biyani writes to Amazon India, saying that the pandemic had led to a significant deterioration of Future Retail’s market capitalization.

August 2020: Mukesh Ambani’s Reliance Retail says it will acquire the retail, wholesale, logistics, and warehousing operations of Future Group for 24,713 crore rupees ($3.4 billion).

Oct. 7, 2020: Amazon sends a legal notice to Future Group, alleging the Indian retailer breached the terms of its contract.

Oct. 25, 2020: Amazon gets an interim stay on Future Group’s deal with Reliance from an arbitrator in Singapore.

Oct. 26, 2020: Reliance Retail says its deal with Future Group is fully enforceable under Indian law, and Future Group says it intends to move forward with the deal.

What happens next? Niharika Sharma offers some clues.


Charting US real GDP

The US economy grew at record-breaking speed in the third quarter. The headline figure was +33.1%, the seasonally adjusted, annualized rate of GDP growth from July to September. But keep in mind that 33.1% annualized growth does not mean that the economy grew 33.1% or will grow 33.1%. It means the economy grew 7.41%.

A line chart showing US real GDP for Q3. It decreased 2.91% since the same period last year, dropped 3.48% since the beginning of the pandemic, and increased 7.41% since the last period.

To be clear, US GDP growing more than 7% a quarter for the next three quarters in a row is not anywhere close to happening. In fact, US economists are already worried about a double-dip recession.


You asked about compulsory voting

Should voting be required in a democracy?

Wait a minute, isn’t this where we usually talk about coronavirus? Can’t pull a fast one on Quartz readers! As the US election looms (and, most likely, lingers), we’re pivoting to politics for the next few weeks.

While 2020 has already seen a record number of early voters in the US, turnout in American elections tends to be lower than in most developed countries; it was 56% for the last presidential contest in 2016. Some have called for the US to take a cue from the 27 countries that currently require voting. The real question is, are those countries better off?

Not surprisingly, compulsory voting does increase turnout. Elections in which citizens are required to vote also have less money involved in the process, and voters have more confidence in the outcome. However, countries with compulsory voting must invest more money in voting infrastructure and logistics to make sure every voice is heard. Alexandra Ossola breaks down more of the pros and cons.


Surprising discoveries

It’s purple! Twenty-six years young and Yahoo has just launched its first-ever smartphone

…while TikTok parent ByteDance also has a new tech product. It’s a lamp.

He must have been high. A man in southwestern China was arrested on drug charges after throwing cash out of his high-rise apartment’s window.

Hello, old friend. Is what a gorilla you haven’t seen in a while might say, according to new research into primate friendships.

Thai protesters rolled out the red carpet. Increasingly elaborate anti-monarchy demonstrations have grown to include a parody fashion show.


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