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Chloe Cushman

Good evening.

Africa online

It will take $100 billion to get broadband to all Africans by 2030. To bring an additional 1.1 billion people online, investors, industry, and government will need to expand city infrastructure and create satellite networks to reach rural areas.

It will take $100 billion spent over the next decade to get broadband to all Africans by 2030

The most important issue here to solve is how those companies offering the access are going to develop both standard and capabilities of this broadband for an entire continent.

Africa has struggled through centuries: defending from outsiders and preserving its own way of life, linked undeniably to

The most important issue here to solve is how those companies offering the access are going to develop both standard and capabilities of this broadband for an entire continent.

Africa has struggled through centuries: defending from outsiders and preserving its own way of life, linked undeniably to our roots as humanity. As societies all connected between devices, services and data, our responsibilities should prevent the massive digital recollection of personal information from more than 1 billion people living in the place on Earth where our ancestors made the first footprint of what we are now as a specie.

We all want to reach out to the place where life were spotted several years ago., but we need to create safety conditions for all who gets online everyday. Let’s not repeat the flawed models already happening in here, Latin America.

World's longest flight

The world's longest flight has landed. The 19-and-a-half-hour ride took passengers, including one exhausted Bloomberg reporter, 10,100 miles (16,200 kilometers) from New York to Sydney.

I Just Took the World's First 20-Hour Flight. Here's What It Did to Me

Longest flight I’ve ever done was Hong Kong to NYC on Cathay. Great airline with wonderful staff in my limited experience. After 10 hours a certain “we’re all in this together” camaraderie developed. I’d jump at a 20 hr flight.

It's an interesting idea but ultimately, I think it may take a toll on people.. People don't have patience and I did a 15 hr non stop flight and even that was brutal. I think Qantas needs to test a flight like this out with regular people to see if this is doable.

Sign. Me. Up!

Although this flight--with all its media and research fanfare--isn't that far off the longest flight currently in operation. It's only 40 minutes longer than the 19-hour ones today.

As the article says, it requires an immense amount of discipline to do this kind of a flight well. May not suit older travellers or young families. I’m also thinking of a recent news article about the potential reintroduction of Concorde-speed flights between London and New York. Taking that speed to

As the article says, it requires an immense amount of discipline to do this kind of a flight well. May not suit older travellers or young families. I’m also thinking of a recent news article about the potential reintroduction of Concorde-speed flights between London and New York. Taking that speed to reduce the length of New York to Sydney is a different project altogether I guess.

At the president's houses

Donald Trump decided not to host the G7 summit at his hotel. The president blamed his reversal on "Media & Democrat Crazed and Irrational Hostility," but ethics experts say his decision not to award himself a major contract is "a bow to reality."

“A bow to reality”: Trump reverses decision to host G7 at his own resort

Having lived in South Florida, I can attest that it's not the best place to go in June. That is the start of the angry season in the region, when the sun gets so hot it makes you mad just to walk outside. So Trump's claims that his Miami resort would made a great place for the G7 summit of world economic

Having lived in South Florida, I can attest that it's not the best place to go in June. That is the start of the angry season in the region, when the sun gets so hot it makes you mad just to walk outside. So Trump's claims that his Miami resort would made a great place for the G7 summit of world economic leaders is totally unsupportable, even putting aside the critical issue of presidential self-dealing. And it seems that even Trump must bow to reality sometimes, which is why he is nixing the decision to offer his resort as the locale for the summit. The world's leaders will no doubt be pleased not to have to travel to the heat just to appease this US president.

The best respite from politics is at the White House. On tours of the executive residence, talk of trees and turnips trumps talk of impeachment.

The best respite from politics is at the White House

It was dark and cold when I set out by bike for the White House yesterday hoping to secure a spot in the garden tour. By 7 AM there was a line. By 7:20 it was wrapping around Constitutional Avenue. But after a long, chilly wait, the sun rose and the secret service let garden tourists in and it was surprisingly

It was dark and cold when I set out by bike for the White House yesterday hoping to secure a spot in the garden tour. By 7 AM there was a line. By 7:20 it was wrapping around Constitutional Avenue. But after a long, chilly wait, the sun rose and the secret service let garden tourists in and it was surprisingly fun being allowed to wander the grounds of the White House with other commoners. Honestly, I was impressed with how pleasant the event was—even Melania Trump's brochure was mild and polite and showed none of the usual Trump bluster, just sweet talk of trees and government.

One small step

Two women walked in space. NASA astronauts Christina Koch and Jessica Meir stepped outside the International Space Station for a historic spacewalk that doubles as a metaphor for what it's like to be a woman full of ambition in 2019.

The metaphorical power of NASA’s first all-women spacewalk

Today was the first-ever all-women spacewalk, this moment is historic and will inspire so many girls to come. But getting here to this moment is a reminder of women trying to succeed in a world made for men

A moment to celebrate for all women. Lets make the spacesuit fit for many more women to come. Lets break down the bias so that this story - while spectacular, can become the norm and our children will see no boundaries nor be marginalized in the future simply for being female.

The astronauts fact checked Trump from outer space. After the president incorrectly said it was "the first time for a woman outside of the space station," Koch and Meir reminded him that 15 other women have performed spacewalks since 1984.

Female astronauts schooled Trump from outer space

What's the big deal about the US president getting one word wrong on a phone call to female astronauts in outer space? Well, a lot.

Trump's failure to distinguish between the first all-female spacewalk and just any old female spacewalk meant he ignored decades of work in space by women who came before

What's the big deal about the US president getting one word wrong on a phone call to female astronauts in outer space? Well, a lot.

Trump's failure to distinguish between the first all-female spacewalk and just any old female spacewalk meant he ignored decades of work in space by women who came before NASA's first spacewalk involving only female astronauts, which happened this week. It's not a minor detail. The difference is between knowing history and being ignorant. This is just one more sign that Trump's not sufficiently nuanced or informed for the job he has.

Chinese censorship goes global

Chinese censorship is no longer just a China problem. The broad strokes of censorship in China are common knowledge. But over the past week or two, the world began to wake up to the fact that China’s censorship machine is now a global phenomenon. ✦

Chinese censorship is no longer just a China problem

It’s fascinating to see: the statement that something doesn’t fall in the scope of free speech because “it hurts the feelings” of people is an appeal to ethical concepts coming from a country that a while back proclaimed there are no such things as natural rights...

In the overt, China complains about

It’s fascinating to see: the statement that something doesn’t fall in the scope of free speech because “it hurts the feelings” of people is an appeal to ethical concepts coming from a country that a while back proclaimed there are no such things as natural rights...

In the overt, China complains about free speech hurting feelings, in the covert it manipulates social media in the west with disinformation.

Western companies need to decide how much to give up in ethics and basic rights in order to gain access to a market.

Outsiders' self-censorship follows a familiar pattern. When a Westerner runs afoul of Chinese nationalist ideology, they tend to follow the crude strategy of "apologize, play dumb, shut up."

The world needs to stop self-censoring about Hong Kong

Personally I disagree with cultural relativism. Not everything begs our understanding, like restricting freedom of thought, opinion, dress or the right to vote or assemble peacefully. There is a such thing as universally wrong. How does one judge the difference? I don’t have all the answers but usually

Personally I disagree with cultural relativism. Not everything begs our understanding, like restricting freedom of thought, opinion, dress or the right to vote or assemble peacefully. There is a such thing as universally wrong. How does one judge the difference? I don’t have all the answers but usually the right thing doesn’t produce more harm than good.

Making a media empire

New uses for social media

Pinterest is the only place on the internet where people want ads. Once a simple place to find inspiration for DIY projects, the platform has become a power tool for online shopping.

How Pinterest became the only place on the internet where people want ads

In part this is because of how Pinterest users behave depending on whether they have short or long term goals. It’s also because Pinterest has developed extremely sophisticated AI with its taste graph allowing for more contextual search, visual search which plays to human visual preference and clever

In part this is because of how Pinterest users behave depending on whether they have short or long term goals. It’s also because Pinterest has developed extremely sophisticated AI with its taste graph allowing for more contextual search, visual search which plays to human visual preference and clever “complete this look” which is a wicked shortcut and highly additive to the user experience.

This is a nice summary of the brilliant (and IMHO questionable) blurring of advertising on the Pinterest platform. In the current market where overvalued growth ipos are frightening investors, it may be telling that Pinterest is still trading above its initial price.

2/3rds of the platform’s users

This is a nice summary of the brilliant (and IMHO questionable) blurring of advertising on the Pinterest platform. In the current market where overvalued growth ipos are frightening investors, it may be telling that Pinterest is still trading above its initial price.

2/3rds of the platform’s users are women and nearly half report going to the platform with the intention of discovering products.

#pinterest #digital #strategy

I’m surprised Pinterest isn’t valued a lot higher because of this. I mean, A LOT higher. Basically, by making the tie-in to ads and purchases all organic to the experience of using the site, they achieve the holy grail of e-commerce, and they could monetize their position both ways, plus enjoy the fact

I’m surprised Pinterest isn’t valued a lot higher because of this. I mean, A LOT higher. Basically, by making the tie-in to ads and purchases all organic to the experience of using the site, they achieve the holy grail of e-commerce, and they could monetize their position both ways, plus enjoy the fact that their user base effectively creates their content, provides quite possibly the most detailed consumer profile possible, and evangelizes it all to their social circle, as well as cultivating broader-based followers across the internet. Plus, it’s easy to get sucked into spending time on Pinterest, and somehow that time spent feels enriching and fun. I don’t think I’d ever describe having to browse and use Amazon’s horrible search as “fun” or enriching, and same for Google Shopping or any other e-tailer.

The case of Pinterest proves the marketing theory of search. If you present a willing consumer with choices or alternatives for products they are looking for, they are likely to search from those alternatives. Else ads are just a nuisance

Indians are learning English through TikTok. China's viral video-sharing app just launched an educational initiative in India.

Indians are learning English through TikTok

It seems like ByteDance is trying to use the massive popularity of TikTok for something other than just being really fun.

Indians are using a Chinese app to teach one another English. Although it's an innovative use of social media, I'm a bit skeptical about TikTok's ability to revamp its image. The app's parent company, ByteDance, is based in Beijing. The specter of Chinese influence looms large.

This looks to me like an exercise to clean up its act in India. TikTok has had a rough run in this part of the world with linkages to fatal accidents and pornography. It's also faced legal suits and government warnings. So trying to promote and build an image of being more useful in helping common people

This looks to me like an exercise to clean up its act in India. TikTok has had a rough run in this part of the world with linkages to fatal accidents and pornography. It's also faced legal suits and government warnings. So trying to promote and build an image of being more useful in helping common people works in its favour. For the next court case, TikTok will at least have something positive to show for why it should be allowed to stay in the country.

TikTok is definitely the app of the moment in the non-Western world. Agree that they’ve had a lot of negative press, but I wouldn’t underestimate the potential of EduTok to change people’s lives. People aren’t going to get degrees because of it, but it might pique some people’s interests (especially

TikTok is definitely the app of the moment in the non-Western world. Agree that they’ve had a lot of negative press, but I wouldn’t underestimate the potential of EduTok to change people’s lives. People aren’t going to get degrees because of it, but it might pique some people’s interests (especially youth) to the point they’re motivated to learn English in more detailed ways, to the point that it can change their lives. Why restrict it to English though - there’s opportunity to learn the various other dialects of India’s own hundreds of languages or even other countries’ languages, even if the aspirational quality of English positions it higher than other candidates.

The future of cars

The world’s downtowns are giving up on personal cars. In recent years, cities have begun to banish cars from specific streets or entire districts.

The world’s downtowns are slowly giving up on personal cars

It is the right step to a long term solution. The biggest hurdle will be national infrastructure movements to include versions of rail into the fold. Cities such as Minneapolis have started by adding light rails from it's suburbs to the heart of downtown. Another good example is in North San Diego County

It is the right step to a long term solution. The biggest hurdle will be national infrastructure movements to include versions of rail into the fold. Cities such as Minneapolis have started by adding light rails from it's suburbs to the heart of downtown. Another good example is in North San Diego County, California. The transit authority put a light rail the connects the east county to the the ocean. The rail stops with the Amtrak rail line.

They are expensive to build but provide better long term economic solutions. It will take changing the public opinion as a whole to really see it grow.

I live in Los Angeles and were considering things like this as well except our public transit is terrible compared to other places. As long as the infrastructure can support having no cars, great!

It was a shame that the urban streetcar lines were all ripped out because of GM and Big Oil. Yet another stupid, awful and selfish mistake made by capitalism. Who would have thought? A system based on selfishness, greed and power is responsible for screwing over pretty much everyone in short-sighted

It was a shame that the urban streetcar lines were all ripped out because of GM and Big Oil. Yet another stupid, awful and selfish mistake made by capitalism. Who would have thought? A system based on selfishness, greed and power is responsible for screwing over pretty much everyone in short-sighted grab for profits... and we’re just supposed to accept this garbage?

Let’s start laying down a new urban streetcar system on these car-free streets - and expand from Market. I’ve always thought that Fillmore street would make a great no-car bus rapid transit line north/south. It’s only one lane in each direction for most of it, and the cars currently delay the busses, which delay the cars, and it all just slows to a crawl. Get rid of the car traffic and prioritize the signals at cross streets for busses (or ideally, a streetcar líne) and you could actually get from Market Street to the Fillmore, Pacific Heights, and the Marina much faster. Unlike the other North/South streets that parallel to each side, which are either arterials for cars or more residential with stop signs every block, Fillmore is slightly commercial but low-ish capacity and underutilized. But really, what SF needs is a lot more subways! Transit trying to compete with car congestion sucks.

Banning cars from the downtown is good for our lungs, our waist lines and our ears. Less air and noise pollution could attract people back to the downtown and result in much needed rejuvenation of beautiful older architecture. Walking in green spaces would allow exercise that is accessible to all and

Banning cars from the downtown is good for our lungs, our waist lines and our ears. Less air and noise pollution could attract people back to the downtown and result in much needed rejuvenation of beautiful older architecture. Walking in green spaces would allow exercise that is accessible to all and may even reconstitute a sense of community as people interact more. The key is access for service and delivery vehicles and easy alternative transport for longer distance travel like trains tramways buses and shared taxis.

Just think of the weight and power spent to transport a single person in a car - that is way too much of a waste and not sustainable - solutions must come from every end.

Brexit's not-so-super Saturday

India's wealth gap

Come back soon!

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House Judiciary Committee launches 'top-to-bottom' antitrust probe of big tech

House Judiciary Committee launches 'top-to-bottom' antitrust probe of big tech

Read more on CNN

From Our Members

  • Major tech companies like Google and Facebook have long skirted the antitrust issue. It’s not entirely clear they can dodge this bullet. This issue transcends politics and goes to the core of the purpose of antitrust laws. Stay tuned, and don’t be surprised if you’re surprised.

  • It’s a bad time, politically, to be these companies. The right thinks they favor liberals and censor conservatives. The left thinks they are monopolies that hurt small businesses and wages. Get excited to buy shares in the next big tech IPOs: AWS, Instagram, and YouTube.

  • Big tech has brought this upon themselves. When you’re part of a self-policing system you need to actually self-police. Failure to even attempt a facade of fairness and decency is about to bring the cavalry.

    With the plethora of dem candidates trying to out-outlandish each other it isn’t a good time

    Big tech has brought this upon themselves. When you’re part of a self-policing system you need to actually self-police. Failure to even attempt a facade of fairness and decency is about to bring the cavalry.

    With the plethora of dem candidates trying to out-outlandish each other it isn’t a good time to be politically unpopular. I think there’s a lot of problems with big tech. But I think we’re going to see a lot of trial by press instead of due process.

  • Investigating AMZN, AAPL, FB and GOOG, is necessary, and if the allegations bear fruit, and penalties need to be assessed, they should be even if or especially if it requires Senior Management to be personally and criminally liable. However just going out and breaking up technology companies, especially

    Investigating AMZN, AAPL, FB and GOOG, is necessary, and if the allegations bear fruit, and penalties need to be assessed, they should be even if or especially if it requires Senior Management to be personally and criminally liable. However just going out and breaking up technology companies, especially FAANG that have been driving the market and the economy, not to mention are the technology competitive advantage of America seems like shooting both of our own feet. What this country needs is a long-term strategic plan that revolves around instilling a culture and society of diversity and inclusion into technology and innovation, focused on education and upskilling the masses, not destroying the last bastions of competitive advantage.

  • Let’s just hope they are investigating for the right reasons and not the wrong ones where the world privacy gets thrown around without a clear definition or going after them because simply because are too big. Fear it’s the latter points and a dangerous game if we are going to play with the DOJ’s definition

    Let’s just hope they are investigating for the right reasons and not the wrong ones where the world privacy gets thrown around without a clear definition or going after them because simply because are too big. Fear it’s the latter points and a dangerous game if we are going to play with the DOJ’s definition and precedence of antitrust cases. Breaking up for the sake of it won’t solve any of the outstanding issues and can ultimately hurt consumers.

  • A lot of gloom and doom here in the comments. The only.issue I have with that is the government can't get anything done. The house is only able to support the campaign season right now, they won't get help in the Senate and I can't imagine the administration cooperating either. So this announcement is

    A lot of gloom and doom here in the comments. The only.issue I have with that is the government can't get anything done. The house is only able to support the campaign season right now, they won't get help in the Senate and I can't imagine the administration cooperating either. So this announcement is a distant storm cloud, that could amount to nothing, or grow into a beast. Time will tell, and like they say there will be a lot more leeway after the election.

  • Sounds like a huge power struggle at play here which investors and users are caught in the middle....

  • War clouds are hanging over

  • I think the time for this has been well overdue. The massive scale and domination of these companies has little precedent; and they won’t govern themselves.

    But they’re is still a massive internet platform landscape, so it’s hard to say they’re crushing the free market at large. ChiefMarTech.com has

    I think the time for this has been well overdue. The massive scale and domination of these companies has little precedent; and they won’t govern themselves.

    But they’re is still a massive internet platform landscape, so it’s hard to say they’re crushing the free market at large. ChiefMarTech.com has been tracking marketing technology platforms for years, and this year lists over 7,000 marketing technology solutions in 50 competing categories, with little evidence of consolidation. Around the world, the number gets much larger. (https://chiefmartec.com/2019/04/marketing-technology-landscape-supergraphic-2019/)

  • No surprise considering the number of times they have been caught in the EU. Only surprise is it hasn’t happened before this. And considering the seriousness of the scandals and leaked internal policies there should be no surprise if the boom gets lowered.

  • It's about damn time. I sincerely hope that they don't let them off easy.

  • Investigate legistlate and given the nature of the business nothing will happen. These are truly transnational communities so unless there is global agreement on setting controls plus breaking the security of the various holding companies. These companies can be broken but only if the public can find better platforms.

  • Take down Zuckerberg, he's the biggest threat to democracy since facism in the 30's.

  • Just government looking for a revenue stream. What better than where there is a lot of cash, and plea bargains are guaranteed.

  • Why just tech companies? The consolidation of many industries has struck at the heart of fair competition, and the government has been silent on the issue.