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AP Photo/Manish Swarup
This time, last year.
MAKE OR BREAK?

Can Modi work his oratory magic to win back India on Independence Day?

On August 15, 2014, Narendra Modi was still riding high from a spectacular election victory.

His party, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), had won a landslide majority in the general elections of May 2014. It was for the first time in almost 30 years that a political party had received a majority in the lower house of the parliament.

And that confidence was evident in his first Independence Day address. Sporting a saffron and green bandhani turban, Modi had made big promises. He unveiled a campaign to clean up India and build toilets across schools. He promised to remove corruption, to restart economic growth, and unshackle the country from bureaucratic delays and red tape. He also promised a bank account for every Indian.

In the eyes of Indians, Modi was to become the force behind the country’s eagerly-awaited social and economic change.

But now—a year later—that hope seems to be fading and so is the prime minister’s lustre. His big economic reforms, including the land acquisition bill, are stuck in limbo. His foreign minister is facing allegations of corruption. And far from ushering in social change, many of his party men seem determined to circulate communal hatred.

The recent monsoon session of the parliament—which the Modi government had planned to use to pass key reform bills, such as the Goods and Services Tax (GST)— was one of the least productive in 15 years.

So, can Modi bounce back? At the Red Fort tomorrow (Aug. 15), Modi will have the perfect opportunity to win back public trust and confidence. And given that he is a master of public speeches, we expect some fireworks.

To begin with, many Indians anticipate that Modi will announce the much-awaited One Rank One Pension (OROP) policy for army veterans on Saturday. The scheme—which ensures that soldiers who retire at the same rank and the same length of service receive the same pension, regardless of when they retired—had been promised by the BJP in its election manifesto last year.

But if Modi fails to include the OROP in his speech tomorrow, the fallout could be ugly.

Whatever happens, it looks like this is going to be one of the most closely-monitored Independence Day speeches in recent history.

While the nation waits, here are some famous images of Modi, which capture the rise and fall of the man who had once promised India the moon.

AP Photo/Saurabh Das
Modi greets people at the home of his 90-year-old mother in Gandhinagar, Gujarat, on May 16, 2014.
AP Photo/Ajit Solanki
Modi holds the BJP symbol and looks into his phone on April 30, 2014, after casting his vote in the general elections.
AP Photo/Manish Swarup
Modi bends on his knees on the steps of the parliament building, as a sign of respect, as he arrives for a BJP meeting on May 20, 2014.
Press Trust of India source via AP
Modi sweeps a road along with civic workers in New Delhi on October 2, 2014.
AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster
Modi with US President Barack Obama in the gardens of Hyderabad House in New Delhi on Jan.25, 2015.
AP Photo/Jason DeCrow
Modi at the Madison Square Garden in New York on Sept.28, 2014, addressing Indians.
Reuters/Adnan Abidi
Modi at the launch of the Digital India Week in New Delhi on July 1, 2015.

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