HIGH SEAS

A glimpse of life onboard the Chinese fishing boats dominating West Africa’s seas

Obsession
China in Africa
Quartz africa
Obsession
China in Africa
Quartz africa

Fishermen in the Chinese fleets that ply the waters off the coast of West Africa spend between 20 and 30 days aboard a boat, where their biggest concerns are typhoons, getting caught in the machinery and ropes used to pull hauls of fish in, and boredom that they try to alleviate by sleeping, smoking, and reading between shifts.

That’s the world that Yuyang Liu, 25, a self-taught Chinese photographer, spent over a month in this summer, when he went to Senegal and Mauritania to document the influx of Chinese fishing fleets for the nonprofit Greenpeace. Liu, from Shanghai, was impressed by the extent of Chinese operations in the region. “Chinese are spreading in the world, more than I ever imagined,” he says.

China is now the largest fishing power in West Africa, home to more than 500 Chinese industrial fishing fleets in seas once dominated by Russian and European operations, according to Greenpeace. Environmentalists say the waters can’t support this level of fishing for long, and that local fishermen will eventually be left with nothing to catch.

“Without improvement on regional fishery management and industry fishing vessels’ performances, including Chinese and EU vessels, the depletion of West Africa’s ocean will only be an issue of timing,” says Wenjing Pan, a researcher for Greenpeace. “After the fish and fishing giants have both gone, local fishermen will face big challenges earning their livelihood.”

Staff on a ship near Guinea-Bissau try to release a strut that has become stuck. (Greenpeace/Liu Yuyang)
A Chinese engineer bathes on the deck of a fishing vessel off the coast of Guinea-Bissau. (Greenpeace/Liu Yuyang)
A Chinese fishermen and three local sailors clean recently caught shark. (Greenpeace/Liu Yuyang)
Chinese and local sailors take a break between shifts on board a fishing vessel off the coast of Guinea Bissau. (Greenpeace/Liu Yuyang)

Since Chinese fishing vessels began arriving in West Africa in the 1980s, reported catches have increased almost twelve-fold to 3.6 million tonnes in 2009—from just 300,000 tonnes in 1950, according to Greenpeace. Illegal fishing is also becoming more common: Over the course of 26 days, Greenpeace reported witnessing 16 cases of illegal fishing by Chinese vessels, mainly fishing in prohibited areas off the coast of Guinea.

Local fishermen told Liu that fishing has become harder for them since the Chinese fleets moved in. Unable to compete with the machinery and size of Chinese operations, they have to travel farther out to find new catches. Many vie for jobs on the Chinese-run trawlers.

Local fishermen in Senegal cast their nets. Other than a motor and GPS, their boat lacks any modern equipment. (Greenpeace/Liu Yuyang)
Local fishermen beat the sides of their boat and sing traditional songs as they pull their nets in. (Greenpeace/Liu Yuyang)
Chief mate Wang of a boat in the Atlantic naval territory of Guinea-Bissau passes cigarettes to local sailors. (Greenpeace/Liu Yuyang)
Liu Zhaoquan, who works in a fish meal factory in Nouadhibou, Mauritania, eats Chinese dishes from his native Shandong province in the factory canteen. Liu returns home only once every two years. The canteen food is one of the few reminders of home.
Liu Zhaoquan eats Chinese food at the canteen of a fish meal factory in Nouadhibou, Mauritania. Liu returns home only once every two years. (Greenpeace/Liu Yuyang)
Artisanal fishermen sell their wares in Joal Fadiouth, Senegal, as night falls. (Greenpeace/Liu Yuyang)
After a whole night out at sea, artisanal fisherman return to Senegal’s largest fishing port, Joal Fadiouth. (Greenpeace/Liu Yuyang)

China’s global fishing operations, which have grown as fish stocks in China’s waters have shrunk, are a broader concern. China’s long-distance fishing fleet, numbering over 2,000 vessels, is ten times the size of America’s, according to a Greenpeace report in August. And a European Parliament report in 2013 estimated that the amount of fish caught by Chinese ships around the world may actually be 12 times what China was reporting to the UN Food and Agriculture program.

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