2️⃣ They’re competing for new and existing subscribers with a bevy of content.

Morning and evening meditations; workouts and stretches; stories and music to help people fall asleep or to perform at work; soundscapes and celebrity-narrated bedtime stories; recent expansions into TV shows and books—if apps like Headspace and Calm want to justify their customers’ subscriptions while tapping into new markets and demographics, they have to keep coming up with new content, too.

There’s something ironic about racing to remain competitive with a product that is meant to be about slowing down. But there’s no question that’s happening—the two apps have been in what Calm co-founder Michael Acton Smith calls “mindful competition” with one another for nearly a decade.

3️⃣  More workplaces are offering mindfulness as an employee benefit.

In 2018, 52% of employers in the US offered some form of mindfulness training to workers. And though these apps really do help people feel better, there’s a risk that companies will rely on them as a way to anesthetize people to the stresses of work. Mindfulness training is no substitute for flexible hours or a realistic workload. That said, if companies offer mindfulness training as well as other robust forms of support for workers—as some such as Starbucks have started doing—there can be real benefits, perhaps helping employees become more comfortable in talking about their mental health and even improving their performance.

4️⃣  Automakers want your car to be your happy place.

Imagine your car as a sanctuary. Can you shed the noise and stresses associated with driving? What may sound like a far-fetched fantasy instead encapsulates the pursuit of many car companies today. Beyond comfort and safety, manufacturers are racing to find ways to improve the overall physical and mental health of drivers and passengers.

Lincoln is one company integrating mindfulness into its design. Kamal Curic, Lincoln’s design director, says newer models have features that are expressions of “quiet flight,” a principle the company adopted in 2014 as a counterpoint to the aggressive, performance-driven themes that have defined the automotive industry for decades. “We’re challenging the entire company to think in terms of four guiding pillars—beauty, ‘gliding,’ human, and crafted sanctuary,” he explains. The aspiration, Curic says, is to create an ultra relaxing, spa-like environment.

5️⃣  Mindfulness apps could make people, and the world, better.

Research has shown that meditation helps alleviate mental health issues such as depression and anxiety. And with its Buddhist roots, it also promises spiritual fulfillment to a growing population of secular Americans.

Could individual engagement with mindfulness meditation add up to a broader social impact? While some people will use it to further indulge their self-centered tendencies, others may leverage their thinking about the interconnectedness of all things into demanding social change.

Read the full field guide.

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