But critics say Tesla’s data are limited, and also misleading, for not taking into account the fact that collisions are more common on city and single-lane roads than on highways, where autopilot is mostly being used.

In addition, comparing Teslas to all other vehicles is hardly a fair test. Since 2009, Tesla has produced fewer than 2 million vehicles. In 2021, there were nearly 290 million cars on US roads.

This piece has been amended to reflect the fact a recall does not necessarily mean Tesla needs to physically take the car back.

This piece has been updated.

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