François Fillon of the center right, whose financial scandal has relegated him to third place, said he wanted France to keep “the protection afforded by the European Central Bank.”

The two left-leaning candidates, Benoît Hamon, the candidate for the deeply unpopular governing Socialist Party, and far-left Jean-Luc Mélenchon, had very little to say about the EU. When discussing migration, Hamon said France should respect its commitments to the EU when it comes to accepting refugees.

It took Macron nearly three hours of debating to finally remark that, “We haven’t talked much about Europe.” He then declared himself “the only candidate who has been following our European commitments since the start.” But there it ended, with Le Pen’s fitting retort: “You have said nothing.”

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