South Sudan is the most oil-dependent country in the world, according to the World Bank, with oil accounting for 60% of the country’s GDP, peaking in recent years with oils topping $100 a barrel. The abundance in oil revenues has become a catalyst for ethnic conflict, with both sides trying to seize oil fields so as to increase their income. Sentry’s report indicates how this oil wealth is spent not on government service delivery, but on military hardware that has been “used against South Sudanese civilians.” As oil prices have tumbled South Sudan’s young economy has followed suit.

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