Donald Trump’s election as the president of the United States last year has led to a significant, and perhaps unforeseen, shift in the marriage market in India.
Trump’s anti-immigrant rhetoric, his dramatic executive order in January on immigration (later stayed by a federal court), and a proposal to squeeze H-1B work visa programmes used extensively by Indians have meant that young Indian men studying and working in the US are no longer in demand in marriage bureaus in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
US-based Indian men have been one of the most sought after grooms in the country for decades. Although no data is available to ascertain the extent of the decline in demand for such grooms yet, the attack on two Indian engineers in Kansas last week, in which one was killed, is likely to accelerate the trend.
Telugus form a large number of the Indians migrating to the US annually. Several of them go to the US as students. Data released by the US embassy in India shows that its Hyderabad consulate issues the highest number of student visas in the country, and the fifth-highest in the world.
“Trump’s [immigration clampdown] decision has not only affected the job security of Indian techies working in the US, it has also affected the marriages of NRI [non-resident Indian] grooms,” said Dayakar*, the managing director of a marriage bureau in software technology-hub Hyderabad. “At present, parents of girls prefer grooms from software companies based in India over NRIs, which used to be the other way round till just a few months back.”
Dayakar said parents looking for NRI grooms for their daughters were waiting to see which direction Trump’s immigration policies take before committing to a match. “Until then, they have kept NRI matches on hold,” he said.
“I used to search for NRI matches [in the US], but I rejected 10 such matches after Trump’s rule,” said Hyderabad-based Subramanyam Sharma, who has a 25-year-old daughter. He has also advised his extended family not to look for America-based grooms as long as Trump was president.
Similarly, like many other Indian parents, Ravi Reddy, 55, has been looking at eligible Indian men working in the US for his daughter, an information technology engineer. Now he says he’s dropped the US from his list because of Trump. “I would prefer to give my daughter to grooms from any other place, like Singapore, Australia—anywhere other than the US,” said Reddy, who has been groom-hunting since 2015.
Ditto with Purnachandra Rao from Hyderabad, father of a 22-year-old girl. The lure of the US-based groom is over, he said.
“NRIs in (the) US don’t have job security now,” said Rao. “After marriage they won’t be able to take my daughter along with them because of the rules laid down by Trump. So what is the point in getting married to a groom working there?”
Neelima*, who manages a prominent marriage bureau in Hyderabad, said the Trump factor could delay marriages that were already delayed by Indian standards in the case of NRIs.
“Normally NRIs marry very late,” she said. “On an average, the minimum age of the NRI who is ready for marriage will be around 30 years. It takes another one or two years by the time they get married. Because of this effect [Trump’s anti-immigrant policies] it will get even more delayed.”
In the US, eligible young Indian men are putting on a brave face.
Chalapathi Rao, 30, who has been employed with the US government’s health department for the past five years, has been searching for a “well-educated bride” for the past six months. Although there was initial interest, the responses have dwindled.
However, Rao is not worried. “I have a Green Card and work permit and I am employed with the US government,” he said. “So there is no problem for me with regard to working in the US. My job is secure and there is no need to worry.”
* The last names of some employees of marriage bureaus have been withheld on request.