The EU has filed an anti-trust complaint against Gazprom, accusing the state-owned Russian gas producer of carrying out unfair pricing practices and manipulating the supply of gas in Eastern Europe to maintain its dominant market position. (Gazprom denies this.)
Demand for Russian gas is huge in Eastern Europe, and Gazprom is the sole provider authorized to export it out of Russia. In some countries, foreign gas is almost entirely supplied by Gazprom, according data from the International Trade Centre.
Other countries are more circumspect, obscuring sources of their imports by listing them under opaque designations. Germany and Austria, for instance, each indicate all of their gas imports come from “Special Designation.” There is a gas pipeline connecting Russia directly to Germany.
With that in mind, here are the largest importers of Gazprom gas in 2013, according to Gazprom itself. The company’s list, available on its website, excludes Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia.