It’s not yet clear how state officials will react to the judgement, although state attorney general Douglas Chin and Board of Land and Natural Resources chair Suzanne Case warned protesters not to block roads on the mountain.

Still, protesters seem encouraged by the ruling. “The court recognized that the state did not follow the rule of law in creating these emergency rules,” David Kauila Kopper, an attorney with the Native Hawaiian Legal Corporation, said in a statement reported by Hawaii News Now. “The state can no longer arrest innocent people who are on Mauna Kea at night for cultural or spiritual reasons.”

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