Kenya’s refusal to agree to the demands of striking doctors is making the country sick

On strike.
On strike.
Image: Reuters/Thomas Mukoya
We may earn a commission from links on this page.


The corridors of the Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya’s oldest hospital, and its largest teaching and referral institution, are deserted and empty. That’s because of the doctors’ strike, which has now lasted a record 52 days–and with no end in sight. The striking medical practitioners want a 300% pay rise from their current $1,350 monthly salary and walked off the job in December after the government refused to implement a three-year-old joint collective bargaining agreement (CBA).

The doctors are not the only group of workers striking in Kenya. Last week, lecturers at public universities joined the doctors, refusing to teach over poor pay. In December, nurses also went on strike, demanding better wages and asking the government to streamline the disparities between those working for the county and national governments. In October, pilots from Kenya Airways delayed plans to strike if top executives from the national carrier didn’t resign. And after years of recurring protests and disruption to education, teachers in June signed a four-year deal that will see them receive salary increments and allowances.

For disgruntled employees, striking has become the rule rather than the norm. Faced with a wilful government and court injunctions ordering them back to work, some of the doctors have even opted to stay put and risk imprisonment. And just like in the past, the strikes have put a strain on the economy, leading to the loss of earning hours, much-needed revenue, and the loss of human lives.

Kenyan student doctors gather inside a deserted labour ward at the Kenyatta National Hospital during a doctors' strike to demand fulfilment of a 2013 agreement between doctors' union and the government that would raise the medical practitioners pay and improve working conditions in Nairobi, Kenya, January 19, 2017.
Empty wards.
Image: Reuters/Thomas Mukoya

The protests are deepened by the corruption scandals that have bedeviled the Kenyan government. While the government insists it cannot afford to meet the doctors’ demands, an internal audit from the ministry of health last year showed more than 5 billion shillings (around $55 million) in diverted funds. In 2015, half the proceeds from a $2.75 billion Eurobond, which marked the country’s debut in the international bond market, also went missing.

Other graft scandals have shown the purchase of $1,000 wheelbarrows, spending $4,400 on 18 custom-made condom dispensers and $85 on a ballpoint pen. And while hospitals continue to lack essential drugs and medical equipment, the country’s lawmakers continue to bag handsome salaries—among the highest in the world. Over the years, thousands of doctors and nurses have also left the country, seeking greener pastures in countries like the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and South Africa.

“You see a lot of human suffering” in public hospitals, says Mwachonda Chibanzi, the deputy secretary general for the Kenya medical practitioners, pharmacists and dentists’ union. And it is “unfortunate,” he said, that those “advocating for rights, not just for doctors but also for the greater public” are threatened with jail. Mwachonda is one of the several leaders facing jail time today (Jan. 26) if they fail to call off the strike.

The government has also repeatedly failed to put the CBA into effect and address the collective bargaining rights of workers and unions. This impasse has only exacerbated the problem, with president Uhuru Kenyatta’s government threatening to not only fire the doctors but also arrange plans to hire doctors from India and Cuba.

Across Africa, this lack of proactive engagement with essential emergency professionals, of not responding until people’s lives are at stake, is a major concern in labor strikes, according to a 2012 Brookings Institution. Since the beginning of the strike, Kenya’s government has offered doctors a 40% salary increase, which they have rejected.

For now, social media has become the avenue for doctors—and those who agree or disagree with them—to express their grievances. The hashtag #MyBadDoctorExperience has been used to share insider stories of frustration and a decaying health system.