TikTok vs. Triller, Bezos vs. Ambani, giant prehistoric birds vs. fish

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An explosion of corporate earnings reports. Shares of many of the world’s largest companies, including Apple 📉, Amazon 📉, Alphabet 📈, Facebook 📉, Comcast 📈, Shopify 📉, Sanofi 📉, AB Inbev 📈, Starbucks 📉, Volkswagen 📈, Activision Blizzard 📉,  Spotify 📉, Twitter 📉, Kraft Heinz 📈, and Airbus 📈, took a swing after quarterly earnings reports came out on Thursday.

TikTok sued its biggest rival. The viral app and its parent company, ByteDance, are taking Triller to court in response to a patent case filed by the US-based short form video app that ByteDance claims has “cast a cloud” over its business. Triller has been gaining global market share in countries like India and Pakistan where TikTok has been banned. Meanwhile, ByteDance has released its first piece of hardware in the form of a smart lamp geared toward the education market.

Google also gets its day in court. The first hearing in the US Department of Justice’s antitrust case against Google is scheduled for later today. And in France, Apple is facing a new challenge from regulators on behalf of advertising companies seeking to thwart privacy-enhancing features on the iPhone that they say will hobble their industry.

High-profile US extradition cases inched forward. Lawyers representing Huawei’s chief financial officer, Meng Wanzhou, were back in Canadian court to question the law enforcement officer who apprehended her at Vancouver International Airport in December 2018. And a US judge agreed to pause before handing over two US citizens to Japan to face charges for assisting former Nissan CEO Carlos Ghosn escape the country to avoid corporate fraud charges.

Joe Biden’s campaign addressed Donald Trump’s tariffs on China. The former US vice president’s campaign said that, if elected, Biden would consult with allies and seek “collective leverage” over future trade dealings with Beijing. It was also revealed that Commerce secretary Wilbur Ross sat on the board of a US-China joint venture company during recent trade negotiations.

Malaysia’s former prime minister warned France over Muslim tension after beheadings. Twitter removed a tweet by 95-year-old Mahathir Mohamad saying that Muslims have a right to “kill millions of French people for the massacres of the past” after the second beheading on French soil in the last month took place in Nice on Thursday.

India’s clash of the retail titans

Two of the world’s wealthiest men are vying for a larger share of India’s retail market, and things are heating up. The contest pits Jeff Bezos’s Amazon against Mukesh Ambani’s Reliance Retail Ventures, with India’s Future Group as the prize.

This is how we got here:

August 2019: Amazon indirectly buys a 3.6% stake in Future Retail by acquiring a 49% stake in its subsidiary, Future Coupons. The deal provides Amazon with the opportunity to purchase a stake in Future Retail should the Future Group decide to sell.

March 2020: Future Group CEO Kishore Biyani writes to Amazon India, saying that the pandemic had led to a significant deterioration of Future Retail’s market capitalization.

August 2020: Mukesh Ambani’s Reliance Retail says it will acquire the retail, wholesale, logistics, and warehousing operations of Future Group for Rs24,713 crore ($3.4 billion).

Oct. 7, 2020: Amazon sends a legal notice to Future Group, alleging the Indian retailer breached the terms of its contract.

Oct. 25, 2020: Amazon gets an interim stay on Future Group’s deal with Reliance from an arbitrator in Singapore.

Oct. 26, 2020: Reliance Retail says its deal with Future Group is fully enforceable under Indian law, and Future Group says it intends to move forward with the deal.

What happens next? Niharika Sharma offers some clues.

Charting US real GDP

The US economy grew at record-breaking speed in the third quarter. The headline figure was +33.1%, the seasonally adjusted, annualized rate of GDP growth from July to September. But keep in mind that 33.1% annualized growth does not mean that the economy grew 33.1% or will grow 33.1%. It means the economy grew 7.41%.

A line chart showing US real GDP for Q3. It decreased 2.91% since the same period last year, dropped 3.48% since the beginning of the pandemic, and increased 7.41% since the last period.

To be clear, US GDP growing more than 7% a quarter for the next three quarters in a row is not anywhere close to happening. In fact, US economists are already worried about a double-dip recession.


Until it was banned on June 29, 2020, TikTok had been downloaded 500 million times in India—its largest market outside China. Seeing an opening, several existing Indian players have made a push to occupy the vacuum left behind.

Our fictional example imagines what a viral Indian app could look like, built off the back of an Indian tech sector split from Chinese support and involvement.

Many in India harbor the dream of a homegrown success story after having watched China succeed in building national tech champions with platforms that dominate at home and abroad. Our fictional example imagines what an Indian tech sector split from Chinese support and involvement might look like. Read more in our guide to the splinternet.

✦ Start working on your own success story with a Quartz membership—you’ll get access to all our field guides, presentations, and more. Use code QZTWENTY for 20% off the first year.

You asked about compulsory voting

Should voting be required in a democracy?

Wait a minute, isn’t this where we usually talk about coronavirus? Can’t pull a fast one on Daily Brief readers! As the US election looms (and, most likely, lingers), we’re pivoting to politics for the next few weeks.

While 2020 has already seen a record number of early voters in the US, turnout in American elections tends to be lower than in most developed countries; it was 56% for the last presidential contest in 2016. Some have called for the US to take a cue from the 27 countries that currently require voting. The real question is, are those countries better off?

Not surprisingly, compulsory voting does increase turnout. Elections in which citizens are required to vote also have less money involved in the process, and voters have more confidence in the outcome. However, countries with compulsory voting must invest more money in voting infrastructure and logistics to make sure every voice is heard. Alexandra Ossola breaks down more of the pros and cons.

Surprising discoveries

Massive birds used to patrol Antarctica. With a 20-foot (6-meter) wingspan, the pelagornithid soared southern skies some 50 million years ago.

He must have been high. A man in southwestern China was arrested on drug charges after throwing cash out of his high-rise apartment’s window.

It’s purple! 26 years young and Yahoo has just launched its first-ever smartphone.

Hello, old friend. Is what a gorilla you haven’t seen in a while might say, according to new research into primate friendships.

Thai protesters rolled out the red carpet. Increasingly elaborate anti-monarchy demonstrations have grown to include a tongue-in-cheek parody fashion show.

Our best wishes for a productive day. Please send any news, comments, Netscape smartphones, and long-lost gorilla pals to hi@qz.com. Get the most out of Quartz by downloading our iOS app and becoming a member. Today’s Daily Brief was brought to you by Niharika Sharma, David Yanofsky, Jackie Bischof, Alexandra Ossola, Liz Webber, and Max Lockie.