Congratulations Barclays, your “bad bank” is the biggest in the business

Two-thirds good, one-third bad.
Two-thirds good, one-third bad.
Image: Reuters/Neil Hall
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Barclays dropped a bombshell on its investment bankers last week. Amid a general retreat by banks from bond trading and other volatile business lines, Barclays was particularly aggressive.

In what CEO Antony Jenkins dubbed a “bold simplification,” Barclays will cut 7,000 jobs in its investment bank by 2016 and will trim the unit to 30% of the group’s risk-weighted assets, from around 50% today. The bank is relegating £400 billion ($676 billion) in assets to its “non-core” unit, effectively quarantining them from the rest of the business.

Just about every large lender these days has chucked a chunk of its toxic cast-offs into a so-called “bad bank,” but none with the same zeal as Barclays. The last time we drew up the league table for bad banks, UBS was on top. But Barclays has now taken the crown, with “non-core” assets accounting for nearly 30% of the bank’s total balance sheet:

Image for article titled Congratulations Barclays, your “bad bank” is the biggest in the business

These assets still belong to the bank, and factor into its capital ratios and other important measures of financial soundness. But because selling everything at once would produce a huge loss, carving out an internal bad bank is the next best option—it signals to investors the ”core” operations are worth saving when the bank—some day—sells off the assets that are weighing it down.

Details about a bad bank are typically relegated deep in the depths of a bank’s financial report, while it prominently trumpets the brilliant “adjusted” results of its unsullied core business. But just because a bank dubs certain assets “non-core,” “legacy,” “run-off,” or any other number of euphemisms for “lousy,” it doesn’t make them magically disappear. As Barclays has learned with this and other unpleasant legacy issues, what’s out of sight is not necessarily out of mind.