In Africa, Rwanda is often highlighted as a pioneer, with Zipline, the world’s first commercial drone delivery service transporting blood across the country. Elsewhere on the continent, drones are being deployed for HIV tests in rural areas in Malawi, to keep elephants out of danger in Tanzania, and to help tackle the effects of climate change in Lake Chad. In contrast, drones are still expensive to register in countries like Ghana and Nigeria with punitive laws able to send users to jail for up to 30 years.

The new Kenyan regulations are also quite scrupulous, requiring drone pilots to be medically fit, complete training courses, have police clearance, and subscribe to a liability insurance cover. Any person who does not adhere to these and many more provisions will have to pay a fine of two million shillings ($19,820) or be jailed for six months.

Calling some of the proposals “ridiculous,” aerial photographer Sam Muchaii says the “tedious” licensing processes and payments might deter some people in Kenya from actively adopting drones.

📬 Sign up for the Daily Brief

Our free, fast, and fun briefing on the global economy, delivered every weekday morning.