Another vaccine, Kuaishou’s debut, new whale species

FILE PHOTO: A vial and sryinge are seen in front of a displayed Johnson&Johnson logo in this illustration taken January 11, 2021. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration/File Photo
FILE PHOTO: A vial and sryinge are seen in front of a displayed Johnson&Johnson logo in this illustration taken January 11, 2021. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration/File Photo
Image: Reuters/Dado Ruvic

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Here’s what you need to know

Johnson & Johnson submitted its Covid-19 jab for US approval. The single-shot vaccine would become the third on the market if it gets a regulatory nod. See more below.

Meanwhile, the EU has fallen behind on vaccines. The 27-country bloc’s experiment in collective bargaining is likely to blame for its slow and controversial rollout.

The US House punished a Republican congresswoman. Marjorie Taylor Greene had promoted dangerous conspiracy theories, and has been kicked out of two committees.

“Focus on New York and Singapore, not Frankfurt and Paris.” Barclays’ CEO Jes Staley says the UK’s financial services industry can thrive in a post-Brexit world.

The US is taking steps towards breaking China’s rare earths monopoly. They have a crucial role in the manufacture of high-tech products.

The Fortune 500 is losing one of only four Black CEOs. Merck boss Kenneth Frazier retires at the end of June.

GameStop Redditors are fighting amongst themselves. Moderators of the WallStreetBets message board are battling over apparent interest from Hollywood.

What to watch for

Diversity is king.
Diversity is king.
Image: Reuters/Florence Lo

TikTok’s Chinese rival surged 200% in its Hong Kong debut. Short video app Kuaishou opened at HK$338 ($43.6), nearly triple its IPO price of HK$115. It’s the biggest tech IPO since Uber in 2019.

The surge in investor interest could be, in part, a result of liquidity in the market, but the oversubscription is also a confidence vote for Kuaishou’s focus on grassroots users from small towns. A rival to TikTok, Kuaishou’s videos often feature users from rural areas, who film themselves feeding chickens or pulling off pranks on friends.

Although Kuaishou still lags behind TikTok (or Douyin, as it’s known in China), its strategy of advocating the value in ordinary people’s lives could please a China that has become increasingly uncomfortable with the rich and powerful.

Charting Robinhood’s dealings with large trading firms

One of the things that has always complicated Robinhood’s finance-for-the-little-guy pitch is that the company works hand in glove with the big guys. The main way the brokerage makes money is that it sells its retail transactions to large trading companies that execute the trades.

Robinhood Securities received $71 million in order flow payments for stocks and options in December, according to a filing, more than half of which came from hedge fund billionaire Ken Griffin’s Citadel Securities.

A bar chart showing the order flow payments to Robinhood Securities in December 2020. Robinhood received $40.45 million from Citadel, $11.23 million from Wolverine, $10.5 million from Virtu, $4.98 million from G1X, and $3.91 million from Two Sigma.

Robinhood’s story of financial democratization came under fire last week when it blocked traders from buying GameStop and other stocks. John Detrixhe unpacks what’s really going on.

What’s next for Amazon

Succession plans are a bit like airplane landings: They only make news when something goes wrong. While it’s too soon to tell if Amazon’s CEO transition from Jeff Bezos to Andy Jassy will hit the tarmac smoothly, there is no shortage of ways it could get bungled.

Let’s hope it fares better than these succession disasters:

🐭 Disney: Michael Eisner ➡️ Michael Ovitz

🏈 New York Jets: Bill Belichick ➡️ Bill Parcells ➡️  Bill Belichick

📺 The Tonight Show: Jay Leno ➡️ Conan O’Brien

👑 England’s throne: Edward VIII ➡️ George VI

Even assuming all goes well, Bezos is leaving behind some unfinished business.

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You asked about the Janssen vaccine’s lower efficacy

Since the Janssen vaccine is not as effective as Pfizer or Moderna’s, does that mean it’s not as good at helping the world beat Covid-19?

You’re right—Janssen says its Covid-19 vaccine can prevent 66% of symptomatic cases, while vaccines from Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna showed they could stop over 90% of symptomatic cases. But Janssen’s vaccine shines by another metric: reducing the severity of the disease, potentially freeing up hospital beds.

One of the most dangerous effects of Covid-19 is that it sends about 2% of patients to intensive care units in hospitals. The more Covid-19 patients lying in hospital beds, the more likely overwhelmed hospitals will be unable to treat future Covid-19 cases and unrelated medical emergencies. Across the US, roughly 77% of ICU beds are occupied at the time of writing, according to Johns Hopkins University’s Covid-19 tracker.

According to company data released on Jan. 29, Janssen’s vaccine prevents 85% of severe Covid-19 cases, which is great news from a public health standpoint. “To keep people out of the hospital and prevent death—this is value added,” said Anthony Fauci, the director of the US National Institute on Allergy and Infectious diseases on NBC Nightly News.

Surprising discoveries

Do you want to solve a code case? Animation code from Disney’s Frozen helped prove the cause of death for nine Russian hikers killed in 1959.

Amazon employees look for meaning in Andy Jassy’s exclamation point use. Is the number of punctuation marks some sort of code???

A Wall Street Journal ad called out AT&T’s slow internet speeds. Aaron Epstein, an AT&T customer since 1960, thinks the company has some explaining to do.

There’s a new species of whale in the Gulf of Mexico. But there are fewer than 100 of them.

Nearly 500 San Franciscans fell for a “verified” home joke. A local artist set up a service for homeowners to apply for a “blue check” badge, similar to those seen on social media sites.

Our best wishes for a productive day. Please send any news, comments, cold cases for Disney animators to solve, and what it means when Andy Jassy uses three exclamation points to Get the most out of Quartz by downloading our iOS app and becoming a member. Today’s Daily Brief was brought to you by Hasit Shah, Jane Li, Mary Hui, Jordan Lebeau, Susan Howson, and Liz Webber.