👎 Facebook and its stock are down

Facebook, Instagram, and WhatsApp all went down simultaneously.
Facebook, Instagram, and WhatsApp all went down simultaneously.
Image: Reuters/Dado Ruvic/Illustration/File Photo

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Here’s what you need to know

Facebook went dark. The social media platform, as well as its products Instagram and WhatsApp, was down beginning Monday morning, and its stock dropped nearly 5%, dragging the market down with it.

The US is not softening its trade stance with China. US trade representative Katherine Tai said Washington is not yet lifting tariffs, and expects Beijing to uphold prior trade commitments.

Volvo is going public. The Swedish carmaker, owned by Chinese auto group Geely, hopes to raise 25 billion kronor ($2.9 billion) in what could be one of Europe’s biggest IPOs in 2021.

An EU regulator gave Pfizer boosters a green light. The recommendation includes people 18 and up, six months after their second dose. Meanwhile, India will pay families of Covid-19 victims, and New Zealand is accepting it can’t eliminate the virus completely.

World leaders defended themselves after the Pandora Papers leak. Russian president Vladimir Putin and King Abdullah II bin Al-Hussein of Jordan said this weekend’s massive leak of offshore data indicated no wrongdoing.

The UK could be fossil fuel-free by 2035. Prime minister Boris Johnson announced a plan to phase out natural gas and replace it at least in part with nuclear power.

An OPEC decision kept oil prices soaring. The cartel, along with a group of Russia-led producers, opted to keep a measured approach to increasing output.

What to watch for

There’s a $3 trillion investment gap in green infrastructure, and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) wants to close it.

The coalition of 38 advanced economies will meet today and tomorrow in Paris under the theme of “Shared Values: Building a Green and Inclusive Future” to tackle long-term challenges, especially climate change. One of its premier initiatives is the Blue Dot Network, a voluntary, government-backed certification to set quality standards for green infrastructure. Developed at the behest of the US, Australia, and Japan, it aims to give investors a clear signal about what constitutes a “sustainable infrastructure project” in the hopes of catalyzing private infrastructure financing.

Slogans like “Build Back Better” during the Covid-19 pandemic were meant to prioritize “green” infrastructure that puts humanity on a low-carbon trajectory (and to compete with China’s own Belt and Road Initiative in the developing world). But that hasn’t materialized as hoped, favoring fossil fuels instead, so the Blue Dot Network may put its own stamp on the process. 🔵

The true cost of the California oil spill

Sunday’s oil spill off the California coast likely totals at least 126,000 gallons, and could take months to clean up. The last major oil spill in the state, in 2015, was about 101,000 gallons, and cost at least $69 million to clean up. Under US law, such costs are meant to be covered by the guilty company but in practice, many costs still fall to the public.

💰 Losses to local businesses like fisheries and tourism have to be litigated in civil court and may not be fully covered.

💰 In the case of the 1989 Exxon-Valdez spill, real ecosystem damage may have been up to seven times higher than the $1 billion in restoration fees paid by the company.

💰 The oil company can still write off lost profits on its taxes; BP eventually passed $10 billion to taxpayers in this way after the 2010 Deepwater Horizon spill.

Web3 is the blockchain-powered web of the future

A growing group of techno-utopians, cypherpunks, and software enthusiasts envision a future internet that is decentralized and underpinned by blockchain technology, and they’re calling it Web3.

In Web3, blockchain technology replaces the internet’s centralized servers. Instead of sending your information to and querying from a Facebook- or Amazon-owned server, for example, all of this data is stored on a peer-to-peer, decentralized database, or a public blockchain.

Image for article titled 👎 Facebook and its stock are down
Image: Clarisa Diaz

This approach has its pluses and minuses:

Pros: Users own the data, transparency, native payments, censorship resistant

Cons: Lack of privacy, inefficiency, lack of regulation, environmental impact

The latest edition of the just-for-Quartz-members Forecast email unpacks these pros and cons and predicts where Web3 will be in one, five, and 10 years.

✦ We predict becoming a Quartz member will make you smarter in one year. Get 40% off with code QZEMAIL40.

Handpicked Quartz

🔒 Retailers are locking in expensive shipping contracts that will likely outlast the pandemic

📉 Why economists are talking about stagflation

🕵️‍♂️ A Chinese city sent vice cops to crack down on murder mystery games

💉 These African countries have fully vaccinated 10% of their populations

⚫️ Ex-Ozy Media chairman Marc Lasry is a major investor in the company behind the California oil spill

👑 Philippine president Rodrigo Duterte is setting up his daughter to be his political heir

Surprising discoveries

Hair doesn’t fall out because cells die as we age. It falls out because cells walk out on the job.

Part of Paris Fashion Week was an episode of The Simpsons. The Balenciaga crossover may be a publicity stunt, but it’s a good publicity stunt.

Winnie-the-Pooh’s bridge is up for auction. The original 1907 Poohsticks bridge, now up for grabs, was replaced in 1997 with a sturdier version.

Fences made out of active beehives can keep elephants and humans apart… Both sides can agree that a dislike of bee stings is universal.

…And rock music can save humans from bear attacks. One Japanese prefecture is hoping a catchy tune by a sexagenerian group will get safety rules stuck in people’s heads.

Our best wishes for a productive day. Send any news, comments, Poohsticks winners, and rock ‘n’ roll safety tunes to hi@qz.com. Get the most out of Quartz by downloading our iOS app and becoming a member. Today’s Daily Brief was brought to you by Michael J. Coren, Tim McDonnell, Jasmine Teng, Morgan Haefner, Susan Howson, and Liz Webber.