In 2015, India executed one person and imposed death penalty on 75 others. While most of them were convicted of murder, four were sentenced for rape.
That takes the number of people in India on death row to 320, according to the London-based Amnesty International.
On July 30, 2015, India carried out its lone execution of the year—also the first since 2013—when Yakub Abdul Razak Memon was hanged at the Nagpur Central jail in Maharashtra. Memon was convicted under the Terrorist and Disruptive Activities Act, 1987, for his role in the 1993 Mumbai blasts that killed 257. Since 1999, only four persons have been executed in India.
In all, at least 1,634 people were executed in 25 countries in 2015—up from 1,061 in 2014—according to the Amnesty report. The report excludes data on China, where data on death penalty is a state secret.
“This is the highest number of executions Amnesty International has recorded in more than 25 years, excluding those in China,” the report said. “On the other hand, four countries abolished the death penalty for all crimes. This is the highest number of countries to fully abolish the death penalty in one year for almost a decade.”
Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Pakistan accounted for 89% of all executions in 2015. “The number of executions recorded in Iran and Saudi Arabia increased by 31% and 76% respectively, and executions in Pakistan were the highest that Amnesty International has ever recorded in that country,” the report said.