The online education package includes 23 questions (link in Chinese) to test students’ knowledge of national security, and of China’s counter-espionage law, which went into effect in 2014. In another video for middle school students, actors and actresses demonstrate three acts that could count as espionage, such as providing official data to a friend studying overseas who claims to need the information for a thesis.

The Chinese Society of Education did not reply to email queries about the campaign’s scale, and whether it’s compulsory for schools to show the videos. Multiple local media reports showed schools were organizing the students to show students the videos in Chengdu and Shangdong provinces (links in Chinese).

China has been increasingly warning citizens about the dangers of foreign forces since Xi came to power in 2012. During this year’s National Security Education Day, Beijing announced that it would reward those turning in potential spies with a handsome fortune—as high as 500,000 yuan ($72,000). In January, China implemented a law to tighten control over overseas non-profit organizations operating in the country, while later in the year a new intelligence law went into effect, also aimed at curtailing foreign spying. Last year, authorities circulated posters depicting a government employee dating a red-haired foreign academic who turns out to be a spy.

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