🌎 Shady libraries

Plus: The Hollywood sign turns 100

Sarah Silverman attends the 75th Annual Tony Awards at Radio City Music Hall on June 12, 2022 in New York City.
Comedian Sarah Silverman is one of the three writers going after ChatGPT creator OpenAI
Photo: Dia Dipasupil (Getty Images)

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Here’s what you need to know

Three writers filed a class-action lawsuit against ChatGPT creator OpenAI. The lawsuit alleged the chatbot was trained on “illegal shadow libraries” that contain the writers’ works.

The EU medicine regulator is investigating Novo Nordisk’s Ozempic and Saxenda. The weight-loss drugs were linked to two suicide and self-harm cases in Iceland.

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Microsoft is cutting more jobs. The new layoffs in the US and abroad add to the 10,000 roles that were terminated earlier this year.

Threads became the fastest-growing social media platform. Meta’s Twitter rival reached 100 million users in five days.

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Texas is beating California in renewable electricity

Texan politicians have made hay of San Francisco’s problems and lured some companies from the Golden State, including major firms like Tesla and Oracle. Some point to taxes as a reason, but the average tax burden in Texas is higher than in California for most people.

A better answer is the regulatory environment. A lack of bureaucracy, for instance, has made it easier to find land, build wind and solar farms, and plug them into the grid. Texas has become a leader in building out renewable energy, far surpassing California.

Image for article titled 🌎 Shady libraries
Graphic: Tim Fernholz
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Texas’s willingness to let people build is something California could learn from. But Texas itself is changing: Greg Abbott, the Republican governor of the state, wants to thwart all this laissez-faire green activity with new rules for green projects and more subsidies for natural gas, nipping in the bud the very development that is helping Texas run ahead of California.

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Pop quiz: Happy centennial, Hollywood sign

The Hollywood sign, an iconic Los Angeles landmark and tourist attraction, turns 100 years old this year. But the hilltop ornament didn’t always stand for the city’s film and television industry—in fact, it used to be four letters longer.

Question: What did the Hollywood sign first symbolize?

A. Tintype photography

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B. A new kind of tree

C. A jab at prohibition

D. Real estate

Find the answer here.


Quotable: What do “land-grab” universities actually owe?

“Not even the world’s most sophisticated Ponzi scheme could promise a 25,000 percent return on investment.”The University of Minnesota’s Truth Project, which researches the impact of land grabs on tribal communities.

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Under the Treaty of 1851, the Dakota Native American tribe was paid a paltry $0.02 per acre for its land in the US. The University of Minnesota eventually sold the land for 251 times that amount. As such, tribes have dubbed the UMN, and many others, “land-grab” schools. But calculating the exact amount they’re owed isn’t a straightforward methodology.


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Sriracha bottles are selling for $80 on eBay and Amazon. A chili pepper shortage is behind the pricing wars.

SpaceX’s Starlink satellites dodge orbiting objects almost 140 times every day. The close calls will only get more frequent.

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A first edition of The Great Gatsby is being put up for auction. It has inscriptions from F. Scott Fitzgerald inside.

There’s a mathematically correct way to tie your shoes. You want to go for the reef knot, not the granny tie.

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